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mRNA์˜ ๊ณผํ•™

mRNA์˜ ํž˜

ํƒ์ƒ‰ํ•˜๊ธฐ:

๋ชจ๋”๋‚˜๋Š” ํ™˜์ž๋ฅผ ์œ„ํ•œ ์ฐจ์„ธ๋Œ€ ํ˜์‹  ์˜์•ฝํ’ˆ์„ ๋งŒ๋“ค๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด mRNA ๊ณผํ•™์˜ ์•ฝ์†์„ ์‹ค์ฒœํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

Scientific pipets filling clear plastic container
Close up of scientific equipment
Scientist in the lab filling containers

mRNA๋Š” ์˜์•ฝํ’ˆ์„ ํš๊ธฐ์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋ณ€ํ™”์‹œํ‚ฌ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๊ณผํ•™์ž๋“ค์€ ์ˆ˜์‹ญ ๋…„๊ฐ„ mRNA๋ฅผ ์—ฐ๊ตฌํ•ด์™”์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. mRNA ๋ฐฑ์‹ ์€ ๊ทธ์ € ์‹œ์ž‘์ผ ๋ฟ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

ํ•ต์‹ฌ์€ ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

mRNA๋Š” ๋ฉด์—ญ ์ฒด๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ํŠน์ • ์งˆํ™˜์„ ์˜ˆ๋ฐฉํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์น˜๋ฃŒํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ ๋„์›€์„ ์ค„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ํŠน์ • ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์„ ๋งŒ๋“œ๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์„ ์ธ์ฒด์— ๊ฐ€๋ฅด์ณ ์ค„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.ย 

์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ๋กœ ์ด๋ฃจ์–ด์กŒ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ์‹ ์ฒด์—๋Š” ์ƒ๋ช…์˜ ๊ธฐ๋ณธ ๋‹จ์œ„์ธ ์ˆ˜์กฐ ๊ฐœ์˜ ์„ธํฌ๋“ค์ด ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๋ชจ๋“  ์„ธํฌ์—๋Š” ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์ด ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

Science - Molecules - Clean

๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์ด ํ•˜๋Š” ์ผ

๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„ ์„ธํฌ์˜ "์ผ๊พผ"์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ์‹ ์ฒด๋Š” 10๋งŒ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ฐ€ ๋„˜๋Š” ๊ฐ๊ธฐ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์ข…๋ฅ˜์˜ ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์„ ๋งŒ๋“ญ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

Science - Studying

๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์ด ์ผํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•

์˜ˆ๋ฅผ ๋“ค์–ด ์ธ์Š๋ฆฐ์€ ์‹ ์ฒด๊ฐ€ ํ˜ˆ๋‹น ์ˆ˜์ค€์„ ์กฐ์ ˆํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ ๋„์›€์„ ์ฃผ๋Š” ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ œ 1ํ˜• ๋‹น๋‡จ๋ณ‘์ด ์žˆ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์˜ ์‹ ์ฒด๋Š” ์ธ์Š๋ฆฐ์„ ์ถฉ๋ถ„ํžˆ ๋งŒ๋“ค์ง€ ์•Š์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

Science Protected

๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์ด ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ ์ด์œ 

์‹ ์ฒด๊ฐ€ ์ •ํ™•ํ•œ ์–‘ ๋˜๋Š” ์ •ํ™•ํ•œ ์œ ํ˜•์˜ ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์„ ๋งŒ๋“ค์ง€ ์•Š์„ ๋•Œ, ์•” ๋˜๋Š” ๋Œ€์‚ฌ ์งˆํ™˜๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์€ ์ƒํƒœ๋ฅผ ์œ ๋ฐœํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

Healthcare-Health

์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์— ์ง‘์ค‘ํ•˜๋Š” ์ด์œ 

๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์€ ๊ฑด๊ฐ•์„ ์œ ์ง€ํ•˜๊ณ  ์งˆํ™˜์„ ์˜ˆ๋ฐฉํ•จ์— ์žˆ์–ด์„œ ํ•„์ˆ˜์ ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

mRNA๋Š” ์‹ ์ฒด์— ์ž์ฒด์ ์ธ ์˜์•ฝํ’ˆ์„ ๋งŒ๋“œ๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์„ ๊ฐ€๋ฅด์นฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค

๊ณผํ•™์ž๋“ค์€ ํŠน์ • ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์„ ๋งŒ๋“ค๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ๊ฐ๊ฐ์˜ mRNA๊ฐ€ ์„ธํฌ์— ์ง€์‹œํ•˜๋„๋ก ์„ค๊ณ„ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

Science - mRNA

1. mRNA ์˜์•ฝํ’ˆ ๋งŒ๋“ค๊ธฐ

mRNA๋ฅผ ๋ณดํ˜ธํ•˜๊ณ  ์„ธํฌ๋กœ mRNA๋ฅผ ์ „๋‹ฌํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ ๋„์›€์„ ์ฃผ๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด, ์ง€์งˆ ๋˜๋Š” ์ง€๋ฐฉ์œผ๋กœ mRNA๋ฅผ ๊ฐ์Œ‰๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

Healthcare Vaccine

2. ์ธ์ฒด๋กœ mRNA ์ „๋‹ฌํ•˜๊ธฐ

mRNA ๋ฐฑ์‹ ์€ ์ฃผ์‚ฌ๋กœ ํˆฌ์—ฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฏธ๋ž˜์˜ mRNA ์น˜๋ฃŒ๋Š” ์ฃผ์ž…(infusion)์œผ๋กœ ํˆฌ์—ฌํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์„์ง€๋„ ๋ชจ๋ฆ…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

Science mRNA

3. ์ •ํ™•ํ•œ ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ ๋งŒ๋“ค๊ธฐ

๋ฐฑ์‹ ์„ ํˆฌ์—ฌํ•˜๋ฉด ์‹ ์ฒด๋Š” mRNA์˜ ์ง€์‹œ์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์„ ๋งŒ๋“ญ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

Humanity  Personal Chart

4. mRNA ๋ถ„ํ•ดํ•˜๊ธฐ

mRNA๋Š” ์ผ์„ ๋๋‚ด๋ฉด ์‹ ์ฒด์— ์˜ค๋ž˜ ๋จธ๋ฌผ์ง€ ์•Š์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค . ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  mRNA๋Š” ์˜๊ตฌ์ ์ธ ๋ณ€ํ™”๋ฅผ ์•ผ๊ธฐํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ DNA๋ฅผ ๋ฐ”๊พธ์ง€ ์•Š์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ์„ธํฌ๋Š” ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ ๊ณต์žฅ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค

๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์€ ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆํ•ฉ์„ฑ์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๊ณผ์ •์„ ๊ฑฐ์ณ์„œ ๋งŒ๋“ค์–ด์ง‘๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ทธ ๊ณณ์—์„œ mRNA ๊ฐ€ ์ž‘์šฉํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

Graphical representation of mRNA

mRNA๋ž€ ๋ฌด์—‡์ธ๊ฐ€์š”?

๋ฉ”์‹ ์ € RNA ๋˜๋Š” mRNA๋Š” ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„ ์‹ ์ฒด์˜ ๋ชจ๋“  ์„ธํฌ์— ์กด์žฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. mRNA๋Š” ๋ชจ๋“  ์ƒ๋ช…์ฒด์˜ ํ•„์ˆ˜ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ ์š”์†Œ์ด๋ฉฐ ์„ธํฌ์— ์ˆ˜์‹ญ์–ต ๋…„ ๋™์•ˆ ์žˆ์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

Graphical representation of bodies cells

mRNA๋Š” ๋ฌด์Šจ ์ผ์„ ํ• ๊นŒ์š”?

๊ทธ ์ด๋ฆ„์—์„œ ์•”์‹œํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ mRNA๋Š” ์ „๋‹ฌ์ž์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. mRNA๋Š” ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์„ ๋งŒ๋“œ๋Š”๋ฐ ๋„์›€์„ ์ฃผ๋Š” ์„ธํฌ ๋‚ด ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ ์š”์†Œ์™€ ์ƒํ˜ธ์ž‘์šฉํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

Graphical representation of human body

mRNA๊ฐ€ ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์„ ๋งŒ๋“œ๋Š” ๋ฐ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ๋„์›€์ด ๋˜๋‚˜์š”?

๊ฐ๊ฐ์˜ mRNA๋Š” ํŠน์ • ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์„ ๋งŒ๋“ค๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•œ ์ง€์‹œ๋ฅผ ๋‚˜๋ฆ…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์ง€์‹œ๋Š” โ€œ์ฒญ์‚ฌ์ง„โ€ ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. mRNA๋Š” ์ด ์ง€์‹œ๋ฅผ ์ „๋‹ฌํ•˜๊ณ , ์„ธํฌ๋Š” ๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์„ ๋งŒ๋“ญ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

Graphical representation of mRNA breaking apart

๋‹จ๋ฐฑ์งˆ์ด ๋งŒ๋“ค์–ด์ง„ ํ›„ ๋ฌด์Šจ ์ผ์ด ์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋‚˜์š”?

mRNA์˜ ์ผ์ด ๋๋‚˜๋ฉด mRNA๋Š” ์‹ ์ฒด์— ์˜ํ•ด ๋ถ„ํ•ด๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. mRNA๋Š” ์˜ค๋ž˜ ๋จธ๋ฌผ์ง€ ์•Š์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

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